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How home education through the Montessori education of parents
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Montessori teaching method is by the famous Italian educator Maria Montessori founded child. Its purpose is to help children grow up naturally. With the traditional method of education is different: Montessori teaching emphasizes hands work, self-education, focusing on the child a sense of order, concentration degree, independence and hand-eye coordination ability. First, different from traditional education methods Montessori teaching method is by the famous Italian educator Maria Montessori founded child. Its purpose is to help children grow up naturally. With the traditional method of education is different: Montessori teaching emphasizes hands work, self-education, focusing on the child a sense of order, concentration degree, independence and hand-eye coordination ability. Second, not only learning the game, but the work In our view, the child's life is "game", while the Montessori that children with learning ability and needs, and the learning activities such as "work." "Game" is a play in the game process, the use in toys, the children were happy. By comparison, the game focuses on your child to learn while playing, but with entertainment properties. The "work" and then construct their own social order with the positive role of children through the work to gradually improve their complete self. In the Montessori classroom, children will independently complete his "work", even if an error occurred during, and do not help the child correct mistakes, but allowing them to find the wrong place, correct their own mistakes. Third, the environmental education children Montessori stressed the environment and children have a close relationship between the environmental education children. Physical and psychological environment for children play an important role in the development, should provide the child needs to respect the activities of environment and provide tools to meet their natural development, provide children hands to create activities and maintain the environment, atmosphere and order, prevent a child at work when disturbed. Montessori on the environment requirements are: "including those made out of children's products size, bright and fresh rooms, you can put flowers on the lower windows, the small size of the room furniture, small desk, pretty curtains and a small cabinet. The small cabinet is easy to open, which filled a wide variety of items, the children are free to access. " An important part of the environment is to provide children's utensils, also known as the Montessori. Teaching aids and toys, toys, although there is also the significance of education, but his main role is for children to play, to meet the child's curiosity, the role of education is not obvious. The Montessori teaching with a specific role to teach, to let the children know the size, height, weight and order, the order and so on. Because of Montessori teaching with a specific role, it is expensive, not everyone has the ability to purchase, but also every kind of teaching aids are impossible to buy a home. Smart parents can love a child and needs, from life to find alternatives. Fourth, freedom, independence, but not laissez-faire Activities in the Montessori child is the greatest feeling happy, because he is the owner of this environment, with absolute freedom and respect, happy to be himself. At the event, no one tell them what you should play, children can freely choose what interested him and played a great autonomy. Montessori Method to the child's greatest achievement lies not mastered the use of such tools, and learn from a variety of knowledge, but children with active learning desire, then on, the child knows what he needs, according to their needs and can take the initiative to learn. Montessori teaching the most important principle is to give kids enough freedom, but this freedom is not laissez-faire, not do whatever they want. In the Montessori teaching, children can choose their own decisions, but this does not mean that he can choose whatever they want to do, but choose to do and that is the right thing. Children must also be free of discipline, learn to obey the order, to be a disciplined person. Five of the six functions of the parents In addition to environmental and children away, Montessori education is another important factor is the teachers and parents, Montessori called them as "aspirational," is inspired by those who guide their children. Unlike traditional coaching staff functions of teacher education as a good learning content for children designed to teach children to learn the knowledge, but rather "retreat to the side", is to assist and guide rather than education, is an observer, demonstration and facilitator. 1, the creation of an environment children need to provide a tool that allows children to develop. 2, found that children's willingness to let the children to choose content of interest, free choice of work. 3, to measure the child's past experiences, using various methods to detect and guide the children to explore new things of interest. 4, to provide a suitable tool for the child after the child should demonstrate the use of these tools, action should be slow, the language simple and clear, let the children learn to use these tools. 5, demonstrate use of the child outside the child should also be carefully observed, and spontaneous activity induced by the child. 6, in times of difficulties in the child for help, but remember, it should lead the children of self-discovery error, correct mistakes, rather than directly in the past to correct the child's mistakes. VI Tips Many parents worry that their child is able to independently, so was too much interference, provides a good example to the children should play with what should be how to play and so on. Adult child is not a wait to fill containers, but has the innate ability learners. Parents should be worried about opening the hand, make a cool "bystander" to maintain a respect for the child's behavior and attitude, so that children have full access to experience freedom. In the observation of a child, not to their subjective wishes and personal experience to evaluate the child, should stand on the analysis of objective point of view, to truly understand a child's inner needs, take the right way to meet the child's growth. Five work content Montessori believes that children's early education should be based sensory training, as a small child is to use his senses to experience the world around him, through feel, walk, touch to make their own access to a variety of abilities and skills. Sensory training can make the child's sense organs become more sensitive to bring up the child's observation, ability to judge, concentration and determination in the child's body functions and improve coordination plays a very important role. Mengtesuoli teaching aids of the type of content to sub-divided into five major areas: daily life education, sensorial education, language education, mathematics education, natural and cultural education. 1. Daily life education, including taking care of themselves, preserve the environment, basic movements, social behavior, exercise, children's coordination body movements to help children adapt to the environment, independent living skills, while fostering children's patience and attention. 2. Sensorial education, including vision, touch, hearing, taste, smell, etc., to cultivate children's keen senses, exercise power and to identify the child's ability to hand-eye coordination, while cultivating the child observation, the ability to compare and judge. 3. Mathematics education including the establishment of the number of concepts, understanding of numbers, develop an initial logical thinking, ability to judge. 4. Language Education: the listening and speaking, listening and speaking ability among children, early reading skills, improve children's language skills. 5. Natural and cultural education: including music, art, nature, etc., to guide their children access to the world around him, forming the shape and color recognition, teaching children to learn to recognize things, methods, and foster children's curiosity and active exploration of the spirit.